The huge variety of building materials on the market today makes it possible to make almost any garage construction in a short time. However, it is still the tree that is considered the most effective means in this regard. Garage of timber build many.
Drawing of a small garage.
This material has good thermal conductivity, durability and strength. To use it does not require a huge amount of money and labor resources. Consider how to build a garage out of the timber with your own hands.
To work, you will need the following tools and materials:
The scheme of the garage extension from the timber.
Let's take a closer look at how to build a garage using a bar. It all starts with a foundation. You can equip different types of basement, but the columnar version is considered the cheapest and easiest to install. It is worth staying at. First, the markup of the places where the pillars will be mounted is carried out. Next you need to dig holes for them.
Their depth directly depends on the depth of soil freezing. Now at the bottom of each pit is a sand pillow. Its thickness should not be less than 20 cm. It should be well rammed. Next, install the concrete columns themselves, which are filled with cement mortar. It is important to ensure that they all remain at the same height relative to each other. All posts must be waterproofed. It is desirable to use roofing material, but you can and bitumen mastic.
Next comes the starting crown. Different types of logs can be used together. The main thing that they firmly kept in their places. If we are talking about buying a finished log house, the method of fastening is already provided for in the structure. It will be necessary to simply assemble the starting crown in accordance with the technology.
The process of assembling the frame for the garage.
Next is to do the arrangement of the overlap. In the starting beam is best to cut logs. They will serve as the basis for the future sex. The distance between adjacent lags is determined by the load that the car will create on them. Most often, this distance is made at least 80 cm.
Now all subsequent rows of the beam are laid. They are connected in the same way as the first row of the crown. Between the bars you need to connect with the help of dowels, these are ordinary wooden wedges. To connect the two elements it is necessary to make holes in them and drive the dowel. It turns out quite a strong connection, which mechanical effects are not scary.
The rafter legs must be cut into the upper crown. Next is the process of arranging the roof. It is either single-pitch or double-slope, it all depends on the personal preferences of the owner of the garage. The gable option is best used when the garage is separate from the house. Shed roof is relevant when the garage is connected to the house, while the ramp is directed in the direction opposite to the residential structure.
It is only necessary to warm the garage if it will be heated. In other situations there is no point. For insulation, you can use almost any material that offers a modern market. Mineral wool slabs are best suited for this purpose. Warming is made outside.
After that, you can proceed to laying the roofing material. Here you can use almost any option from the proposed construction stores. Galvanized sheet fits very well in almost any interior. In most cases, people prefer this particular material. You can arrange a temporary coverage. As it is quite suitable thick plastic film, which is stretched on the upper crown.
The floor in the garage is equipped with a tongue-and-groove board.
The base scheme of the frame garage.
This material is very easy to install. One board is simply inserted into the groove of the next. This is exactly how all the flooring is settled. They can be fixed with nails or screws. Boards and logs must be treated with antiseptic and flame retardant compounds.
The former will protect the boards from rotting and microbial growth, and the latter from fire. Any garage is a place of potential ignition, as flammable liquids are often stored here. On the floor it is best to lay sheets of metal, which will prevent the ingress of these substances on it.Here, a single match or cigarette butt is often enough to ignite.
Do not forget about the arrangement of the entrance to the garage. Since it was a column foundation, it raises the entire structure by some distance relative to the ground. Entry is organized with the help of boards, which rise and are installed on the supporting beam at a certain angle. It is better not to make it too large, since the driver will have a small overview when entering the garage. Better boards take longer. This will change the angle of inclination to the lower side. Himself timber fits on waterproofing.
Garage doors are one of the main parts of this structure. Today on the market there are many varieties of such mechanisms. Often use swing gates as one of the most economical options in terms of installation. However, many modern firms offer to purchase automatic gates. This option is becoming more popular every day. Now you don’t even have to get out of the car to open the doors. Everything is done by simply pressing a button on the remote.
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